Indian Space Program Father Name – Who Is Known As The Father Of Indian Space Program

Indian Space Program Father Name, Who Is The Father Of Indian Space Program – A big credit for the position India is in today in the world of space goes to a special person. It was due to his efforts that the first space center was established in India. Today the Indian Space Agency “ISRO” is included among the selected countries of the world. So let us know Who Is Known As The Father Of Indian Space Program –

Indian Space Program Father Name, Who Is The Father Of Indian Space Program

The name of the father of the Indian space program is – Vikram Sarabhai, whose full name is Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was a great scientist of India, who is considered the father of the Indian space program.

About Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai

Internationally regarded as the father of the Indian space programme, Vikram Sarabhai was an Indian physicist and industrialist who initiated space research and helped develop nuclear energy in India.

At the age of just 28, he also played an important role in the establishment of the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad. Let us tell you that Sarabhai was also the founder of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

Dr. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was born on August 12, 1919 in an industrialist family in Ahmedabad. After completing his early studies from Gujarat College, he shifted to Cambridge University, England. From here he obtained his graduation degree in Natural Sciences in 1940.

After the outbreak of World War II, Sarabhai returned to India and conducted research in cosmic rays under Indian physicist Sir Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, which brought him into the limelight. After this, Cambridge University honored him with the degree of DSc.

After returning to India from Cambridge, Sarabhai established a research institute in Ahmedabad. The Physical Research Laboratory was established on November 11, 1947. Sarabhai served this institution from 1966 to 1971. Established Ahmedabad Textile Industries Research Association in 1947 and looked after its affairs till 1956. Sarabhai also played an important role in establishing the Indian Institute of Management in Ahmedabad in 1962 in collaboration with various Ahmedabad-based industrialists.

Most famous institute founded by Vikram Sarabhai

Physical Research Laboratory at Ahmedabad, Community Science Centre, Darpan Academy for Performing Arts, Space Applications Center at Ahmedabad, Variable Energy Cyclotron Project at Calcutta, Sarabhai Space Center at Thiruvananthapuram, Faster Breeder Test Reactor at Kalpakkam, Uranium Corporation of India at Jaduguda, Bihar. Electronics Corporation of India Limited, established in Hyderabad.

Indian space program begins

The Indian space program began in the 1960s. The American satellite ‘Syncom-3’ broadcast live the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, demonstrating the power of communications satellites. According to the official website of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), seeing the US move, Sarabhai recognized the benefits of space technologies for India. After Russia launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial Earth satellite, Sarabhai convinced the Indian government about the importance of the space program for a developing country like India.

First rocket launching station established in India

The Indian National Space Research Committee was established in 1962 to lead space research activities. In August 1969, the Indian Space Research Organization was established in place of INCOSPAR.

Vikram Sarabhai was supported by Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha, considered the father of India’s nuclear science program, in setting up the first rocket launching station in India. Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station was established at Thumba on the coast of the Arabian Sea due to its proximity to the Equator. In 1966, Sarabhai established a community science center in Ahmedabad which is now known as the Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Centre.

Vikram Sarabhai’s role in nuclear research

In 1966, Jahangir Bhabha dies, after which Sarabhai is made the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India. He carried forward the work of Jahangir Bhabha in the field of nuclear research. He contributed significantly to the establishment and development of India’s nuclear power plants and also laid the foundation for indigenous development of nuclear technology for defense purposes. Vikram Sarabhai was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1966 and the Padma Vibhushan posthumously in 1972.

Awards and Honors

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai received many awards, among them “Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award” in 1962, “Padma Bhushan Award” in 1966, India’s second highest civilian award “Padma Vibhushan” was given posthumously in 1972.

Vikram Sarabhai passes away

Sarabhai had gone to the Rocket Launching Station at Thumba for inspection on 30 December 1971. He died untimely due to cardiac arrest in a hotel room.

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