Taj Mahal Story In English (History Of Taj Mahal In English)

The Story Of Taj Mahal In English – Taj Mahal is counted among the wonders of the world. Today we are going to tell you the story of the construction of that Taj, about which many people would still be unaware. Shahjahan was also called the prince of manufacturers. He created many such unique and priceless gems from Delhi to Agra which still shine and shine even after centuries.

The Story Of Taj Mahal In English (Taj Mahal Story In English)

The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz Mahal. Of all the Begums of Shahjahan, Mumtaz Mahal was the closest to him, but Begum Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her fourteenth child, the name of her fourteenth child was Gauhar Begum. Due to which Mughal Emperor Shahjahan was deeply hurt, because he loved Begum Mumtaz Mahal very much. That is why they wanted to create some historical heritage in his memory, in which Taj Mahal was built.

Mumtaz was Shahjahan’s fourth wife from whom Shahjahan had 13 children. He died in Jainabad in Burhanpur district of Madhya Pradesh. Mumtaz died while giving birth to her 14th child in 1631. After which Mumtaz was buried there in Zainabad Garden. Shah Jahan was shocked by the death of his favorite Begum, so he started living alone in Burhanpur with the commanders of his army. There he got the idea of building Mumtaz’s tomb. After Mumtaz’s death, Shahjahan had sworn that he would build such a building that no other building in the world would have its equal.

The examples of Mumtaz and Shahjahan are cited today as buildings of love. It is said that Mumtaz and Shahjahan met in a market and after that both of them got engaged. After 5 years of engagement, both of them got married on 10 May 1612. It is said that even before her death, Mumtaz had called Shahjahan to meet her but Shahjahan could not reach there.

In December 1631, Mumtaz’s body was taken out of the tomb at Zainabad, placed in a gold-clad coffin and kept in a small house on the banks of the Yamuna River in Uttar Pradesh. At that time, when today’s so-called Taj Mahal was ready, Mumtaz’s body was buried in it. At that time this tall building was named Mumtaz Mahal. Which later came to be known all over the world by the name of Taj Mahal.

Before building it, Shahjahan had called Amanat Khan of Iran to India. Apart from Chiranjilal of Delhi, Mohammad Hanif, Abdul Karim and Makramat Khan and Ustad Lahori Khan had an important role in getting it built. To build this, 20,000 laborers and selected masons from North India were called. 10,000 elephants and oxen were used to carry the goods.

History Of Taj Mahal In English (The Taj Mahal History In English)

The construction work of Taj Mahal started in 1632, which took 22 years to complete. Plans for its construction were prepared by architects from Persia, India, Central Asia and some other countries. To build the Taj Mahal, an artisan was called from Baghdad who was expert in carving curved letters on stone. Similarly, the artisan who was called from Bukhara city, which is located in Central Asia, was skilled in carving flowers on marble stone. To build the huge domes, skilled artisans living in Istanbul, Turkey were called and to build the minarets, skilled artisans were called from Samarkand.

In this way, before the construction of Taj Mahal, 37 skilled artisans were gathered in 6 months, under whose supervision 25,000 laborers worked. The materials for the Taj Mahal were brought from all over India and Central Asia. The help of a fleet of 1000 elephants was taken to bring this material to the construction site.

Its central dome is 187 feet high. For Taj Mahal, red sand stone was brought from Fatehpur Sikri, jasper from Punjab, jade and crystal from China, turquoise i.e. blue stone from Tibet, lapis lazuli and sapphire from Sri Lanka, coal and cornelian from Arabia and diamonds from Panna.

Similarly, the material used in the construction of the Taj was brought from Makrana in Rajasthan. In total, 28 types of rare, precious and semi-precious stones were used in the carving of Taj Mahal.

The construction of the Taj Mahal ended around 1643, but still work was done for another 10 years to enhance its beauty. The construction of Taj Mahal was completed around 1653 and at that time it cost around Rs 32 million to build it.

The name of the architect of Taj Mahal was Ustad Ahmed Lahauri. There is also a well-known story behind the Taj Mahal, according to which Shah Jahan had the hands of the artisans who built the Taj Mahal cut off after its construction, so that another such Taj Mahal could not be built anywhere else. But fortunately this is absolutely false. These are just artificial stories, ‘Taj Mahal’, a picture of supernatural beauty built with white stones on the banks of river Yamuna, has made its mark not only in India but in the whole world.

The tombs of Mughal emperor Shahjahan and his lover Mumtaz Mahal are both inside the Taj Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal tomb is placed in the center of Taj Mahal. Shahjahan’s tomb is to the south of Mumtaz’s tomb. There were many precious gems in the Taj Mahal but the British took them away.

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