Taj Mahal Information In English (About Taj Mahal In English)

Taj Mahal Agra Information In English – Taj Mahal, considered a symbol of love, is counted among the seven wonders of the world. Taj Mahal is famous all over the world, it is situated on the banks of river Yamuna. The city of Agra has also become very famous because of Taj Mahal. Agra was also the most favorite city of the Mughals, due to which they preferred to make Agra their capital. So let’s know Taj Mahal Information In English –

Taj Mahal Agra Information In English (About Taj Mahal In English)

  • Name of the monument – Taj Mahal
  • Monument location – Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Who built the monument – Shah Jahan
  • In whose memory was the monument built – Arjumand Bano Begum (Mumtaz Mahal)
  • When was the monument built – 1653
  • Height of the monument – 73 meters (240 feet)
  • Architect of the monument – Ustad Ahmed Lahori
  • Construction work of the monument – 1632 AD to 1654 (about 22 years)

Taj Mahal is considered very good from the tourism point of view, which is located in Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The Taj Mahal was built in 1653 by the Mughal ruler Shahjahan in memory of his beloved Begum Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Bano Begum).

In 1631 AD, Shah Jahan had hoisted the flag of his victory everywhere. All his Begum were special to him, but one of them, whose name was Mumtaz Mahal, he used to love her very much.

But unfortunately Mumtaz Mahal died during the birth of her 14th child. The name of the child born to Mumtaz Mahal was Gohar Begum. Shah Jahan’s reign lasted from 1628 AD to 1658 AD. Shah Jahan built this beautiful monument Taj Mahal in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The construction of Taj Mahal started in 1632 AD, which took about 22 years to complete.

Shah Jahan wanted to present such an example to the world as a symbol of his love, which would be remembered by the world for a long time to come. Keeping this in mind, he got this unique building constructed.

Shahjahan wanted to bring an artisan who is expert in craftsmanship to build this building. For this, an artisan was called from Baghdad. Before the construction of Taj Mahal, the investigation of skilled artisans had started, only a few of them were selected for this work and its construction work was started with 20000 laborers.

It took more than 22 years to complete the construction work of Taj Mahal. White colored stones were used in the construction work of Taj Mahal. Many such stones were ordered from different countries for construction work. Taj Mahal has been molded in a dome-like shape, the main dome of which is 60 feet high and 80 feet wide.

Shahjahan used white marble to build Taj Mahal. The entire complex of Taj Mahal is spread over 42 acres. The marble stone used in the construction of Taj Mahal was brought from Makrana in Rajasthan and a total of 18 types of precious stones were used in its construction. Amanat Khan, who was from Iran, was appointed as the main calligraphy artist. The beautiful golden urn made in the Taj Mahal, which is a center of attraction for tourists, was made by Kazim Khan, who was specially called from Lahore.

Architecture and structure of Taj Mahal

Tomb – The tomb in the Taj Mahal has been molded in the shape of a symmetrical square, and high gates have also been built to enter it. A dome-like shape has been made on top of the tomb, in which a layer of gold water has been applied, which looks exactly like a dome of gold. The height of these tombs is about 55 meters. There is a main chamber inside it in which the tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan are present.

Dome – The dome is an onion-shaped structure which is well designed with gold plating on the tomb. The height of the dome is almost equal to the height of the building, i.e. 35 meters. If you look at its peak, it appears as if an inverted lotus is placed. There is a vase on the crown of the dome which was earlier made of gold, but now it is made of bronze.

Umbrellas – Umbrellas have been built around the dome to support it. These have been specially prepared from marble. A better example of Persian architecture has been prepared on the top of the umbrellas.

Minarets – 4 minarets have been built on the main base of the Taj Mahal. These four minarets are present on all four sides, whose height is about 40 meters. The thing to see in these minarets is that they are not straight but are tilted. It has been built by the artisans in such a way that if these minarets ever fall in the future, then it does not cause any damage to the Taj Mahal.

Four gardens – Inspired by Persian gardens, four gardens or Mughal gardens were built. The main gate of this garden has been built in the middle of the tomb. It is open and there is no wall around it. Taj Mahal is spread over an area of ​​about 300 square meters, in which flower beds have also been made, in which fountains are present inside each flower bed.

Interior decoration – The interior decoration of Taj Mahal has been done with precious stones and gems. An octagonal shaped chamber has been built, in each part of which there is a door. Eight Pishtaq arches have been made, on top of which there are balconies.

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