Mughal Who Built Red Fort In Delhi

Mughal Who Built Red Fort In Delhi – The pride of the country, the Red Fort has been included in the list of World Heritage. The foundation stone of this fort was laid on 29 April 1638. The construction of the Red Fort cost one crore rupees at that time, and the length of its walls is 2.5 kilometers. The height of the walls is 18 meters towards the Yamuna river and 33 meters towards the city. The palace is located on the eastern side of the fort. Two grand three-storey main entrance gates, next to which there are semi-octagonal turrets and which have many rooms. Located in the middle of the west and south directions, which you also know as Lahori and Delhi gates respectively. So let’s know –

Name Of Mughal Who Built Red Fort In Delhi

The name of the Mughal who built the Red Fort in Delhi is Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Its construction was started by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1638 AD, which took 10 years to complete. It started in 1638 and lasted till 1648 AD, and during its construction the capital Agra was shifted to Delhi. In the year 2007, the Red Fort was included in the World Heritage by UNESCO.

You will be surprised to know that the real name of the Red Fort is Qila-e-Mubarak. According to the Archaeological Survey of India, limestone was used in many parts during the construction of the building in the Red Fort, so its color was white earlier. With time, the limestone on the walls of the fort started falling, so during the British rule, this fort was painted red. After this, it was named Red Fort, since then this name is popular.

By the way, it is also said that red sand and stones were used to build the Red Fort, due to which it was named Red Fort. Historians do not have solid information about what it was named by Shah Jahan and there are differences too.

At the same time, it is said that Shah Jahan had constructed some parts inside the Red Fort while imagining heaven, which was demolished by the British.

History of Delhi Red Fort

The history of this fort, which has become the identity of India, is very interesting, the glorious history of the Red Fort is more than 350 years old. The construction of the Red Fort was started by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1638 AD.

It took about 10 years to build this fort, thus this fort was completed in 1648 AD. Spread over a vast area of ​​more than 250 acres, this fort was built by Shah Jahan on the banks of the Yamuna River.

This fort is surrounded by the Yamuna River on three sides. After the construction of the Red Fort (Lal Kila), Shah Jahan shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. This fort was the capital of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

It is said that about 1 million rupees were spent at that time in the construction of this world famous fort. Shah Jahan named this fort as Qila-e-Mubarak.

According to historians, by the last decade of the 17th century, the Mughal dynasty began to decline. Aurangzeb, the last powerful ruler of the Mughal dynasty, built the Moti Masjid in this fort. After the fall of Aurangzeb, this fort remained vacant for about 30 years.

After that, Jahandar Shah took control of this fort in 1712. Farrukhsiyar defeated Jahandar Shah in a battle and Jahandar Shah was killed. After that, Farrukhsiyar looted this fort tremendously and looted precious goods from the fort.

Later this fort came under the control of Muhammad Shah. Muhammad Shah had control over the Red Fort for 20 years. But the Persian king Nadir Shah defeated Muhammad Shah and took control of the Red Fort.

During this time, Nadir Shah also looted this fort a lot and went back. After that, this fort was also under the control of Sikhs and Marathas. Later, this fort became the residence of Bahadur Shah Zafar, who was the last ruler of the Mughal dynasty.

Bahadur Shah Zafar was imprisoned in 1857 AD for participating in the rebellion against the British in India’s first war of independence. The British brutally killed his sons in front of him. Bahadur Shah Zafar was imprisoned in Rangoon jail, where he died.

Thus, this fort came completely under the control of the British. The British also looted this fort fiercely. It is said that the British took the Kohinoor diamond, the Peacock throne and many other precious items from the Red Fort to England. It is said that even today Kohinoor is with the British government.

After a long struggle and millions of sacrifices, when India became independent on 15 August 1947, then this fort came under the control of the Government of India and this fort was handed over to the Indian Army. Now the Red Fort is under the responsibility of the Archaeological Survey of India.

Since the time of independence, every year on 15 August, the Prime Minister of India hoists the tricolor on the ramparts of the Red Fort and addresses the nation.

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