Established ISRO – When Was ISRO Established, ISRO Was Established In Which Year

ISRO Established In Which Year – ISRO is the pride of India today. But today you may be surprised to know that ISRO was established many years ago. Which was earlier called Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), and Vikram Sarabhai was its head.

Sarabhai had a team of few scientists and was also short of money. A year later, India launched its first rocket, whose parts were carried to the launch center on a bicycle. The picture was historic. Five decades later, we are sending probes to the Moon, Mars, and beyond. This is the success of ISRO, the result of the hard work of its scientists. The story of ISRO is the story of India, the story of the expansion of its ambitions in space. So let us know when ISRO was established, and what is its history –

Established ISRO – ISRO Established In Which Year, When Was ISRO Established

ISRO was established on 15 August 1969. It was formed on August 15, 1969. ISRO was founded by Vikram Sarabhai. ISRO replaced the previous organization Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), which was established in 1962.

History Of ISRO

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai created the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962. Under the leadership of Dr. Sarabhai, INCOSPAR established the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in Thiruvananthapuram.

Dr. A. P.J. Abdul Kalam, who later became President of India, was among the initial team of rocket engineers who founded INCOSPAR. TERLS was later named Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.

The first rocket was also launched from here on 21 November 1963, which marked the historic beginning of the Indian space program. INCOSPAR became the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on 15 August 1969.

Just a year after INCOSPAR was formed, in 1963, India launched its first rocket into space. The sounding rocket, designed to probe the upper atmosphere, was launched from the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station in Kerala. It is now known as Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre. Dr Kalam had narrated how before preparations could begin, INCOSPAR had to take land from a local church and relocate the villagers. Then, they were carrying the rocket parts to the launch pad via bicycle. On November 21, 1963, he launched the rocket in the presence of elite scientists like Dr. Homi Bhabha.

Aryabhata was India’s first satellite which was launched on 19 April 1975 from the Cosmos-3M launch vehicle. Named after the famous Indian astronomer Aryabhata, it was built by ISRO and launched by the Soviet Union.

Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV-3) – This was India’s first experimental satellite launch vehicle. It was capable of placing 40 kg class payload into low Earth orbit (LEO). It was launched on 18 July 1980. SLV-3 placed Rohini in orbit. India thus became the sixth member of an exclusive club of space-faring countries. Rohini was a series of satellites launched by ISRO. This series included four satellites. Three of them successfully entered orbit.

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is India’s third generation launch vehicle, which was launched in October 1994 and has emerged as a reliable launch vehicle with 39 consecutive successful missions since then till June 2017. PSLV had successfully launched Chandrayaan-1 in 2008 and Mars Orbiter Spacecraft in 2013.

Another great invention of ISRO is Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). GSLV has the capability to put heavier payloads into orbit than PSLV.

Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first Moon mission. It was launched in October 2008. Chandrayaan-1 completed more than 3,400 orbits around the Moon and, on August 29, 2009, the mission ended after Chandrayaan-1 lost contact with the spacecraft.

ISRO launched this campaign in 2019. When Chandrayaan-2 was about to land on the lunar surface, contact with lander Vikram was lost. In this way, Chandrayaan-2’s 47-day journey remained incomplete at the last moment. This Moon mission of India remained 2.1 kilometers away from the surface of the Moon.

The Mars Orbiter Mission was India’s first mission to send a spacecraft to a planet. After Roscosmos, NASA and European Space Agency, ISRO became the fourth space agency in the world to reach the orbit of Mars, ISRO again got this title. However, in its very first attempt, India became the first country in the world to reach the orbit of Mars. Mangalyaan was launched on November 5, 2013 to orbit Mars.

Chandrayaan-3’s successful landing on the Moon created history. Chandrayaan 3 makes safe landing on Moon’s south pole. After this, people in the country rejoiced with joy. ISRO’s control center echoed with applause. After the safe landing of Chandrayaan, people associated with the mission project shared their experiences. After the success of Chandrayaan mission, PM Modi had called Somnath. Somnath said that we started the journey from Chandrayaan-1, it has now reached Chandrayaan-3.

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